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vipera ammodytes montandoni

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[4] The average total length is 50–70 cm (19.5–27.5 in) with reports of specimens over 1 m (39 in) in total length. Males have 133–161 ventral scales and 27–46 paired subcaudals. However, many consider both V. a. ruffoi and V. a. gregorwalineri to be synonymous with V. a. ammodytes,[7] and consider V. a. transcaucasiana to be a separate species.[4][7]. In males, the head has irregular dark brown, dark gray, or black markings. Nazwa łacińska: Vipera ammodytes Nazwa polska: Żmija nosoroga Nazwa angielska: Long-nosed viper,nose-horned viper (ang. At birth, juveniles are 14–24 cm (5.5–9.4 in) in total length. [4], Females have a similar color pattern, except that it is less distinct and contrasting. [6], V. ammodytes grows to a maximum total length (body + tail) of 95 cm (37.5 in), although individuals usually measure less than 85 cm (33.5 in). Sometimes found in areas of human habitation, such as railway embankments, farmland, and especially vineyards if rubble piles and stone walls are present. Arnold, E.N. Melanism does occur, but is rare. 1988. Sometimes the ventral color is black or bluish gray with white flecks and inclusions edged in white. Juvenile color patterns are about the same as the adults. Ventral shields 149 to 158; subcaudals 30 to 38. Pentru informaţii detaliate despre celelalte programe cofinanţate de Uniunea Europeană, vă invităm să vizitaţi www.fonduri-ue.ro Conţinutul acestui material nu reprezintă în mod obligatoriu poziţia oficială a Uniunii Europene sau a Guvernului României www.fonduri-ue.ro Conţinutul acestui material nu reprezintă în mod obligatoriu The Transdanubian Sand Viper (Vipera ammodytes montandoni (Vam)) is spread from Turkish Thrace, 1. With an accout for my.bionity.com you can always see everything at a glance – and you can configure your own website and individual newsletter. It is reputed to be the most dangerous of the European vipers due to its large size, long fangs and high venom toxicity. Read what you need to know about our industry portal bionity.com. Maximum length also depends on locality,[vague] with northern forms distinctly larger than southern ones. Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 does not support some functions on Chemie.DE. Obraz złożonej z ammodytes, vipera - 130532093 Observations on the diet of the nose-horned viper (, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 15:38. To use all the functions on Chemie.DE please activate JavaScript. The Transcaucasian Nose-horned Viper (Vipera ammodytes transcaucasiana (Vat)) shows a distribution in the Northeast of Turkey and sections of Georgia along the Black Sea coast and some inland provinces in Turkey (see Figure1, red) [37,40]. [7] Arthropods such as large insects and centipedes have regularly been found in the stomach contents of vipers, albeit more frequently in juveniles that eat centipedes like Mediterranean banded centipede[12]. See ammodytoxins.. 10–13 small scales border the eye, and two rows separate the eye from the supralabials. Image of snake, aggressive, camouflage - 25823130 Vipera ammodytes montandoni Boulenger, 1904 Animalia Chordata Reptilia Lepidosauromorpha Squamata Serpentes Colubroidea Viperidae Vipera ammodytes montandoni Identified by Catalog An Vipera ammodytes in uska species han Viperidae nga ginhulagway ni Linnaeus hadton 1758. Lower surface of end of tail yellow."[5]. (1973) give ranges of 0.44–0.82 mg/kg and IV and 0.19–0.64 mg/kg IP. [4], This species has no particular preference for its daily activity period. ; Conant, Sheila. Hibernation and breeding of. 2007. Ground color is variable and tends more towards browns and bronzes, such as grayish brown, reddish brown, copper, "dirty cream", or brick red. Vipera aspis balcanica - Buresch & Zonkov, 1934 Vipera ( Rhinaspis ) ammodytes montandoni - 1983 Vipera ammodytes montandoni - Weinsten, Minton & Wilde, 1985 [1] A female Vipera ammodytes montandoni, from a karst region in central-north Bulgaria. [4], Vipera ammodytes venom is used in the production of antivenin for the bite of other European vipers and the snake is farmed for this purpose. 2020. A row of indistinct, dark (occasionally yellowish) spots runs along each side, sometimes joined in a wavy band. An Vipera ammodytes in nahilalakip ha genus nga Vipera, ngan familia nga Viperidae. Subsequently, George Albert Boulenger described a number of subspecies in the early 20th century that are still mostly recognized today. Underneath, the tip of the tail may be yellow, orange, orange-red, red, or green. A more or less distinct blotch on the lower lip, involving five to seven labial shields without complete interruption. Vipera ammodytes montandoni Boulenger, 1904 Animalia Chordata Reptilia Lepidosauromorpha Squamata Serpentes Colubroidea Viperidae Vipera ammodytes montandoni Identified by Catalog Petkovic, D.; Javanovic, T.; Micevic, D.; Unkovic-Cvetkovic, N.; Cvetkovic, M. 1979. Vipera ammodytes montandoni : Geographic Information Geographic Division: Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China) Jurisdiction/Origin: Comments Comment: Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Description. The type locality is listed as "Oriente". [14] In some areas it is at least a significant medical risk. [10], The common name sand viper is misleading, as this species does not occur in mostly sandy areas. Vipera ammodytes montandoni venom samples were collected from one individual in the Tekirdağ province and one in the Kırklareli province (Turkish Thrace) in April 2016. Ginklasipika han IUCN an species komo diri gud kababarak-an. [7] This species is ovoviviparous. Five Photo about Detail of an female of Mediteranean horned viper. [4], Both sexes have a zigzag dorsal stripe set against a lighter background. Mnemonic i-Taxon identifier i: 235554: Scientific name i: Vipera ammodytes montandoni: Taxonomy navigation › Vipera ammodytes. [4], Humans respond rapidly to this venom, as do mice and birds. Druh Vipera ammodytes (Linnaeus, 1758) Vipera ammodytes montandoni Autor: Petr Balej • 21.12.2003 • Kategorie: zmijovití • Taxonomie: Vipera ammodytes Southern Austria, north-eastern Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, Albania, Kosovo, North Macedonia, Greece (including Cyclades), Romania, Bulgaria, Turkey, Georgia and Syria. [5] Five subspecies are currently recognized, including the nominate subspecies described here. [7] Females are usually[vague] larger and more heavily[specify] built, although the largest specimens on record are males. [4] One additional subspecies that may be encountered in literature is V. a. ruffoi (Bruno, 1968),[4] found in the Alpine region of Italy. Giklaseklase sa IUCN ang kaliwatan sa kinaminosang kalabotan. Minton (1974) states 6.6 mg/kg SC. The rostral scale is wider than it is long. Vipera ammodytes este o specie de șerpi din genul Vipera, familia Viperidae, descrisă de Linnaeus 1758. Vipera ammodytes montadoni este catalogata drept „adevarata vipera cu corn” si totodata cel mai periculos reprezentant al genului de pe teritoriul tarii noastre deoarece are un timp de reactie mult mai scurt si o agresivitate mai mare in comparatie cu celelalte tipuri. Rozšíření: Balkánský poloostrov až Rakousko a Maďarsko,j.Rusko,Turecko až Kavkaz. Jej rozmieszczenie obejmuje cieplejsze rejony Europy (południowa Austria , północne Włochy , Półwysep Bałkański , Cyklady , Azja Mniejsza do Kaukazu Północnego ). Vipera ammodytes (other common names include horned viper, long-nosed viper, nose-horned viper, sand viper) is a viper species found in southern Europe, mainly the Balkans, and parts of the Middle East. Not usually associated with woodlands, but if so it will be found there around the edges and in clearings. 1978. [4], According to Boulenger (1913): "Naso-rostral shield never reaching the canthus rostralis nor the summit of the rostral shield, which is deeper than broad (once and one seventh to once and a half); rostral appendage clad with ten to fourteen scales, in three (rarely two or four) transverse series between the rostral shield and the apex. The head is covered in small, irregular scales that are either smooth o… Find out how LUMITOS supports you with online marketing. The dorsal zigzag is a shade of brown. Kaliwatan sa bitin ang Vipera ammodytes.Una ning gihulagway ni Linnaeus ni adtong 1758. It is reputed to be the most dangerous of the European vipers due to its large size, long fangs (up to 13 mm) and high venom toxicity. Females are usually larger and more heavily built, although the largest specimens on record are males. Vipera ammodytes montandoni Boulenger, 1904 Taxonomic Serial No. The anal scale is single. The tongue is usually black, and the iris has a golden or coppery color. Other properties include anticoagulant effects, hemoconcentration and hemorrhage. [4], Horned viper, long-nosed viper, nose-horned viper, sand viper,[3] sand adder, common sand adder, common sand viper,[8] sand natter.[9]. For close examinations, it is therefore advisable to use a clear plastic restraining tube instead.[7]. There are also reports of dizziness and tingling. Vipera aspis balcanica - Buresch & Zonkov, 1934 Vipera ( Rhinaspis ) ammodytes montandoni - 1983 Vipera ammodytes montandoni - Weinsten, Minton & Wilde, 1985 [1] Format. Bites promote symptoms typical of viperid envenomation, such as pain, swelling and discoloration, all of which may be immediate. It is reputed to be the most dangerous of the European vipers due to its large size, long fangs (up to 13 mm) and high venom toxicity. [7], The head is covered in small, irregular scales that are either smooth or only weakly keeled, except for a pair of large supraocular scales that extend beyond the posterior margin of the eye. A Field Guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Britain and Europe. Zdjęcie o W górę żmii Vipera żeńskich uzbrajać w rogi ammodytes. Ang Vipera ammodytes sakop sa kahenera nga Vipera, ug kabanay nga Viperidae. At higher altitudes, it is more active during the day. [4] Brown (1973) gives an LD50 for mice of 1.2 mg/kg IV, 1.5 mg/kg IP and 2.0 mg/kg SC. Image of violent, scale, species - 26304275 Crude venoms were extracted, using a paraffin-covered laboratory beaker without exerting pressure on the venom glands, pooled for each subspecies and lyophilized. Explore Aleksandar Simović's photos on Flickr. Vipera ammodytes (Linnaeus, 1758) – Taxon details on Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). Studies of snake venom on blood coagulation. Schwarz (1936) proposed that the type locality be restricted to "Zara" (Zadar, Croatia). Occasionally, other snakes are eaten. Hays, W.S.T. Females are somewhat smaller than males. If surprised, wild specimens may react in a number of different ways. The ground color for males varies and includes many different shades of gray, sometimes yellowish or pinkish gray, or yellowish brown. [8][13], This species was originally described by Carl Linnaeus in Systema Naturae in 1758. Adults generally feed on small mammals and birds, whilst juveniles predominantly eat lizards. The belly color varies and can be grayish, yellowish brown, or pinkish, "heavily clouded" with dark spots. [4] It grows to a length of about 5 mm (0.20 in) and is actually soft and flexible. Dorsal scales in twenty-one rows. © 1997-2021 LUMITOS AG, All rights reserved, https://www.bionity.com/en/encyclopedia/Vipera_ammodytes_montandoni.html, Your browser is not current. [13], This species has often been kept in captivity and bred successfully. [4], Despite its reputation, this species is generally lethargic, not at all aggressive, and tends not to bite without considerable provocation. Aleksandar Simović has uploaded 735 photos to Flickr. εικόνα από vipera, ammodytes, montandoni - 26304274 Dictionary of molecular biology. The specific name, ammodytes, is derived from the Greek words ammos, meaning "sand", and dutes, meaning "burrower" or "diver", despite its preference for rocky habitats. 2004.. VIP; viral antigens Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. Vipera ammodytes montandoni - Buy this stock photo and explore similar images at Adobe Stock Vipera ammodytes montandoni is a venomous viper subspecies found in Bulgaria and southern Romania. A thick, black stripe runs from behind the eye to behind the angle of the jaw. A male Vipera ammodytes montandoni, from the south-western Thracian plain. [4] There are also reports of cannibalism. Find out more about the company LUMITOS and our team. 272 pp. Males have a characteristic dark blotch or V marking on the back of the head that often connects to the dorsal zigzag pattern. Some remain motionless and hiss loudly, some hiss and then flee, while still others will attempt to bite immediately. Meier, J.; Stocker, K.F. Accessed on 22 Jule 2009. Your browser does not support JavaScript. Part I: The thromboserpentin (thrombin-like) enzyme in the venoms. The venom can be quite toxic [based on tests conducted solely on mice], but varies over time and among different populations. Wikipedia article "Vipera_ammodytes_montandoni". The nasal scale is large, single (rarely divided), and separated from the rostral by a single nasorostral scale. Vipera ammodytes (other common names include horned viper, long-nosed viper, nose-horned viper, sand viper)[3] is a viper species found in southern Europe, mainly the Balkans, and parts of the Middle East. The dorsal zigzag is dark gray or black, the edge of which is sometimes darker. [4] Mating takes place in the spring (April–May), and one to twenty live young are born in late summer or fall (August–October). [11] V. ammodytes primarily inhabits dry, rocky hillsides with sparse vegetation. B. ; Burton, J.A. They usually lack the dark blotch or V marking on the back of the head that the males have. Maximum length also depends on race, with northern forms distinctly larger than southern ones.According to Strugariu (2006), the average length is 50-70 cm with reports of specimens over 1 m in length. [3], The body is covered with strongly keeled dorsal scales in 21 or 23 rows (rarely 25) at mid-body. The morphological characteristics and distribution of Vipera ammodytes transcaucasiana, which is a member of the Vipera kaznakovi group, were studied. Western sand viper. [4], The venom has both proteolytic and neurotoxic components and contains hemotoxins with blood coagulant properties, similar to and as powerful as in crotaline venom. However, there are many alternative taxonomies. ), Nazwa niemiecka:Europäische Hornotter, Europäische Sandotter (niem.) Action of, Plettenberg Laing, A. European snakes, such as Coronella and Natrix, are possibly immune. Taxonomy - Vipera ammodytes montandoni (SUBSPECIES) ))) Map to UniProtKB (15) Unreviewed (15) TrEMBL. Photo about A wild, female of Vipera ammodytes montandoni found in it s terra typica. Larger prey are struck, released, tracked, and swallowed, while smaller prey is swallowed without using the venom apparatus. [13] However, as far as handling is concerned, despite its relatively placid reputation, pinning and necking this snake can be risky, as they are relatively strong and can unexpectedly jerk free from a keeper's grasp. Biology and Impacts of Pacific Island Invasive Species. The Nose-horned Viper (Vipera ammodytes) is one of the most widespread and venomous snakes in Europe, which causes high frequent snakebite accidents.The first comprehensive venom characterization of the regional endemic Transcaucasian Nose-horned Viper (Vipera ammodytes transcaucasiana) and the Transdanubian Sand Viper (Vipera ammodytes montandoni) is reported employing a … A Worldwide Review of Effects of the Small Indian Mongoose, Herpestes javanicus (Carnivora: Herpestidae). [15] Novak et al. Vipera ammodytes montandoni (BOULENGER 1904) Vipera ammodytes ruffoi BRUNO 1968 Někteří herpetologové synonymizují poddruh V.a.gregorwallneri s nominotypickým poddruhem V.a.ammodytes. May be found above 2000 m at lower latitudes. ''Vipera ammodytes'' is a venomous viper species found in southern Europe through to the Balkans and parts of the Middle East. Lizards are less affected, while amphibians may even survive a bite. Vipera ammodytes montandoni is a venomous viper subspecies[3] found in Bulgaria and southern Romania. The scales bordering the ventrals are smooth or weakly keeled. In southern subspecies, the horn sits vertically upright, while in V. a. Ammodytes it points diagonally forward. [4] It tolerates captivity much better than other European vipers, thriving in most surroundings and usually taking food easily from the start. Females have 135–164 and 24–38 respectively. Copley, A.; Banerjee, S.; Devi, A. The chin is lighter in color than the belly. Vipera species Vipera ammodytes Name Synonyms Coluber ammodytes Linnaeus, 1758 Vipera ammodytes Venchi & Sindaco, 2006 Vipera aspis balcanica Buresch & Zonkov, 1934 Homonyms Vipera ammodytes (Linnaeus, 1758) Vipera ammodytes Venchi & Sindaco, 2006 "Snake venom protein C activators". Żmija nosoroga (Vipera ammodytes) – gatunek jadowitego węża z rodziny żmijowatych. Grows to a maximum length of 95 cm, although individuals usually measure less than 85 cm. To use all functions of this page, please activate cookies in your browser. In: Tu, A., editor. [5] [6] A fost clasificată de IUCN ca specie cu risc scăzut. Vipera ammodytes at the New Reptile Database . This pattern is often fragmented. [1] [4], The most distinctive characteristic is a single "horn" on the snout, just above the rostral scale. Pobierz zdjęcie stockowe Zbliżenie z nosa rogata żmija w środowisku naturalnym (Vipera ammodytes montandoni ) royalty-free 228276272 z kolekcji Depositphotos – zdjęcia stockowe premium w wysokiej rozdzielczości, obrazy wektorowe i ilustracje. Feeding behavior changes and is influenced heavily by prey size. [4], The color pattern is different for males and females. It consists of 9–17 scales arranged in 2 (rarely 2 or 4) transverse rows. [2], This species is listed as strictly protected (Appendix II) under the Berne Convention.

I Compiti Delle Vacanze Sono Facoltativi, Stanze In Affitto Roma Zona Vaticano, Tararì Tararà Accordi, Medicina Dello Sport Bari Via Fani, Location Matrimoni Napoli Sul Mare, Chiese Gotiche Francesi, Webcam Rifugio Antelao,

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